The abacus, in a Classical order, is the section between the top of the capital and bottom of the architrave. It can be flat or moulded.
The abutment is a wall or pier built to withstand an arch’s lateral thrust.
The acanthus is a stylized decorative form based on the leaf of an acanthus plant. It is an integral element of Corinthian and Composite capitals but is also used as a discrete element or as […]
Acroteria is the sculpture/s – usually urns, palmettes or statues – placed on flat pedestals on top of a pediment. If the sculpture is placed at the outer angles of a pediment rather than at […]
Addorsed is a decorative moulding motif of two figures, usually, animals, placed back-to-back. When the figures are facing each other they are said to be ‘affronted’.
Analytical drawing relates to the drawing of lines to represent the three-dimension structure and geometry of a form, proceeding generally from the whole to constituent parts.
Analytique is an elevation drawing of a façade, surrounded by a decorative arrangement of drawings of important details and sometimes a plan or section of the façade.
Axonometric is a paraline drawing of an axonometric projection, having all lines parallel to the three principal axes drawn to scale but diagonal and curved lines distorted.
Balconette is a stone balustrade, or most often cast-iron railing, framing the lower section of usually an upper-storey window.
Cabinet drawing is a paraline drawing of an oblique projection, having all lines parallel to the picture plane drawn to exact scale, and the receding lines perpendicular to the picture plane reduced to half scale.
A cartoon is a full-scale drawing of a motif or design, to be transferred in preparation for a fresco, mosaic, or tapestry.
Cavalier drawing is a paraline drawing of an oblique projection, having the receding lines perpendicular to the picture plane drawn to the same scale as the lines parallel to the picture plane.
An order is the principal component of a Classical building, composed of a base, shaft, capital, and entablature. The five Classical orders are the ‘Tuscan’, ‘Doric’, ‘ Ionic’, ‘Corinthian’ and ‘Composite’, which all vary in size […]
Conception is a drawing of something that does not exist yet.